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Cuba Health Data

CUBA: HEALTH PROFILE Download PDF Version

Indicator

Value

Total population

11,257,105

Infant and maternal health

Total live births

120,716

Percent of in-hospital live births

99.9

Crude birth rate (per 1,000 pop.)

10.7

Annual mean growth of population (per 1,000 pop)                                

0.2

Fertility rate (per 1,000 women aged 15-49)

39.9

Global fertility rate (children per woman)

1.46

Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

5.3^

Under 5 mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

8.0

Percent of surviving children at 5 years of age

99.2

Percent of underweight children under age 5

4*

Perinatal mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

15.5

Infant mortality rate from acute respiratory infections (per 1,000 live births)

0.4

Maternal mortality (per 100,000 live births)

52.2

Percent of children fully immunized against TB and measles

99*

Health workforce

Total number of physicians

70,594

Number of family physicians

33,769

Physicians (per 10,000 population)

62.7

Population covered by family physicians

99.4

Nurses (per 10,000 population)

79.5

Dentists (per 10,000 population)

9.4

Infrastructure

Percent of GDP spent on public health

6.3*

Total number of hospitals

248

Total number of polyclinics

470

Total number of maternity homes

289

Medical care beds

54,857

Social service beds

14,650

Medical care beds (per 1,000 population)

4.9

Social service beds (per 1,000 population)

1.3

Medical Education (2006-2007)**

 

Medicine enrollment  – Cuban students

25,728

Nursing enrollment – Cuban students

35,483

Dentistry enrollment – Cuban students

4,266


Allied Health Sciences enrollment – Cuban students

67,472

Medicine enrollment – Foreign students

21,863***

Nursing enrollment – Foreign students

120

Dentistry enrollment – Foreign students

62

Allied Health Sciences enrollment – Foreign students

776

Health Picture

Life expectancy at birth – both sexes

77.6*

Life expectancy at birth – men

75.8*

Life expectancy at birth – women

79.5*

Percent of population undernourished

<0.5+

Dietary energy supply (kcal/person/day)

3,190

Mortality rate from infectious and parasitic diseases (per 100,000 pop)

8.1

Percent of infectious and parasitic diseases of total number of deaths

1.1

HIV prevalence

<0.2%*

Percent of population with access to potable water

95.6

Leading Causes of Death, rate per 100,000

Heart disease

197.4

Malignant tumors

168.4

Cerebrovascular disease

78.1

Influenza and pneumonia

64.4

Accidents

39.5

Arterial and capillary vascular disease

28.6

Chronic respiratory disease

26.7

Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease

21.5

Diabetes mellitus

17.6

Self-inflicted wounds

12.2

Source: MINSAP, Health Statistics Yearbook, 2005, except where noted.    
^MINSAP, Annual Health Statistics, 2006    
*UNDP Human Development Report 2006
**Vice Ministry for Medical Education, Ministry of Public Health, Havana
***December, 2006. Viceministry for Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Relations, Havana.
+FAO, Food Balance Sheets

Table 1: Cuba Health Equity Snapshot


Province

Infant mortality per 1,000 live births

Maternal mortality per 100,000 live births

Under 5 mortality  per 1,000 live births

Physicians per 10,000 inhabitants

Nurses per 10,000 inhabitants

Pinar del Río

5.0

60.4

7.2

50.0

97.5

Havana*

6.1

13.3

8.1

40.5

71.5

Havana City

4.9

70.1

8.1

98.1

81.0

Matanzas

4.4

59.7

5.8

55.0

69.4

Villa Clara

4.6

12.9

5.0

60.4

75.2

Cienfuegos

5.7

69.6

8.6

57.9

89.7

Sancti Spíritus

6.8

42.5

8.7

59.2

79.9

Ciego de Ávila

9.0

22.4

7.4

59.1

77.3

Camagüey

4.3

72.5

10.6

58.1

82.4

Las Tunas

4.7

34.7

8.2

48.1

74.4

Holguín

3.8

32.4

5.7

50.3

70.0

Granma

4.4

79.0

9.0

46.7

90.6

Santiago de Cuba

7.9

63.3

9.2

66.4

74.1

Guantánamo

4.8

59.2

11.0

51.8

82.3

Isla de la Juventud

7.3

60.4

6.4

54.3

93.7

TOTAL

5.3

52.2

8.0

62.7

79.5

Source: MINSAP, Annual Health Statistics, 2005, except for infant mortality figures which are for 2006.
*Havana Province is on the outskirts of Havana City Province, and its population is served by institutions in both provinces.

Table 2: Cuba & The Region, Selected Indicators


Region

Infant mortality per 1,000 live births

Under 5 mortality per 1,000 live births

Life Expectancy Male

Life Expectancy Female

Life Expectancy Both Sexes

Caribbean

22

33.4

66.9

71.7

69.3

Latin America

22

27.7

70.3

76.4

73.3

United States

7

8

75

80.4

77.7

Cuba

5.3

8

75.8

79.5

77.6

Source: UNFPA, State of World Population, 2006, except for Cuba: UNDP Human Development Index 2006 & MINSAP, Annual Health Statistics, 2005 & 2006

    
 
 
 
Annual Health Statistic Report 2005
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